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Total population of the United States, by gender 2010-2024

In terms of population size, the sex ratio in the United States favors females, and the gender gap is slowly increasing. In 2010, there were 6.2 million more females, but the difference is projected to increase to nearly seven million by 2024.

Gender ratios by U.S. state

In the United States, the resident population was estimated to be around 328.2 million in 2019. The gender distribution of the nation has remained steady for several years, with females accounting for approximately 51 percent of the population in 2019. Females outnumbered males in the majority of states across the country in 2018, and there were only ten states where the gender ratio favored men.

Metro areas by population

National differences between male and female populations can also be analyzed by metropolitan areas. In general, a metropolitan area is a region with a main city at its center and adjacent communities that are all connected by social and economic factors. The largest metro areas in the U.S. are New York, Los Angeles, and Chicago. In 2018, there were more women than men in all three of those areas, but Durham-Chapel Hill was the metro area with the highest share of female population.

Total population in the United States by gender from 2010 to 2024

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Release date

April 2019


United States

Survey time period

2010 to 2017

Supplementary notes

* Based on population projections shown in the Total population of the United States 2024 statistic and a female to male ratio of 51 to 49 (from 2010 to 2017)

** Estimate.

Values have been rounded to provide a better understanding of the statistic.

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