Private household distribution in Germany 2018, by net income level

In 2018, there were roughly 3.3 million German households with a household net income of under 900 euros per month. In total, there were approximately 40.4 million private households in Germany that year.

Disposable net income

Based on most recent figures, the largest number of households had a monthly net income of 3,200 to 4,500 euros. While at first glance this amount may seem substantial, based on general German standards of living, it’s worth noting that flexibility and expenditure depends on the number of people living in a household, or rather the number of earners in relation to that number. In the case of employed population members, what remains as disposable net income is influenced by various regular payments made by households after the already taxed salary arrives. These payments include, but are not limited to, rent, different types of insurance, repaying loans, fees for internet and mobile phone services.

Food and housing

When looking at private household spending in Germany, consistent patterns emerge. Housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuel made up the largest share, followed by food, beverages and tobacco. Spending for the latter has only been going up in recent years.

Distribution of private households based on monthly household net income in Germany in 2018

Household net income per monthNumber of private households in thousands
Under 900 €3,325
900 to under 1,300 €4,527
1,300 to under 1,500 €2,549
1,500 to under 2,000 €6,223
2,000 to under 2,600 €6,332
2,600 to under 3,200 €4,728
3,200 to under 4,500 €6,710
4,500 to under 6,000 €3,494
6,000 € and over2,521
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Release date

July 2019



Survey time period


Supplementary notes

According to the source, the data is based on microcensus results and looks at the population in private households in both main and secondary residences.

Not included in the statistic are households where at least one person is a self-employed farmer as their main occupation or households which do not specify. The number of these households in 2017 was approximately 1.1 million.

This statistic can be accessed at the Genesis-Online database of the Federal Statistical Office using the link given under "Source Link" and by entering the code "12211-0105" into the search bar.

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