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Distribution of primary energy consumed in France 2019, by source

This statistic shows the primary energy consumption in Metropolitan France in 2019. Oil represented nearly thirty percent of the total primary consumption in France whereas renewable energies accounted for less than 12 percent.

Breakdown of primary energy consumption in Metropolitan France in 2019, by energy source

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Release date

September 2019



Survey time period


Special properties

Metropolitan France

Supplementary notes

* The source adds the following information for non-renewable primary electricity: "Includes nuclear generation, net of electricity trade balance (to simplify, the export balance is subtracted from nuclear electricity) and hydraulic production by pumping."

** Renewable energies (ÉNR) include wood energy, renewable hydraulics, biofuels, urban renewable waste, wind and others. The source gives the following definition of renewable energies: "We distinguish between renewable energy and thermal renewable energy. Electric renewable energy includes hydraulic, wind, tidal, solar photovoltaic and high temperature geothermal power. Renewable thermal energy includes firewood (collected or marketed), geothermal energy in the form of heat, active solar energy, wood and crop residues, biogas, biofuels and heat pumps, urban waste and industrial biodegradables (whatever their nature).

The source also gives the following definition of primary energy consumption: "Final consumption + losses + consumption of energy producers and transformers (energy branch)." Primary energy consumption measures the national energy independence rate, while final energy consumption is used to track the penetration of various forms of energy in user sectors of the economy.

The source adds the following information: "Climate change adjusted data".

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