In 2020, China imported approximately 430 million liters of wine, down from around 610 million liters in the previous year. Meanwhile, the annual wine import value dropped by around 26.7 percent.
China is the leading grape producer in the world and the second major country with the largest vineyard area after Spain. Historically, grape wine has been known and consumed in China for hundreds of years. However, other types of alcoholic beverages, mostly made of rice or sorghum, have been accepted more widely. The first Chinese winery – Changyu – was founded in 1892 and became the largest winemaker in the country. Henan and Jiangsu provinces are the leading wine producing regions accounting for more than half of the national wine production volume. In 2020, China produced around 660 million liters of wine and relied heavily on imports.
Along with a sudden decrease in wine consumption since 2018, the import volume of wine into China has been decreasing over the past years. Wine is no longer a special occasion or a gift-giving trend, but rather a new emerging norm among the younger, urban population. Most of the young Chinese consumers prefer buying imported wines online, highly prioritizing red French wines. Hence, France is the major wine supplier for China followed by Australia and Chile. This might, however, change in the future as Chinese wine imports from Australia and the New World are currently benefiting from more favorable tax tariffs (zero-tariff tax on Australian wine).
Volume of wine imports to China from 2012 to 2020
(in million hectoliters)
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OIV. (April 20, 2021). Volume of wine imports to China from 2012 to 2020 (in million hectoliters) [Graph]. In Statista. Retrieved May 20, 2022, from https://www.statista.com/statistics/791338/china-wine-imports-volume/
OIV. "Volume of wine imports to China from 2012 to 2020 (in million hectoliters)." Chart. April 20, 2021. Statista. Accessed May 20, 2022. https://www.statista.com/statistics/791338/china-wine-imports-volume/
OIV. (2021). Volume of wine imports to China from 2012 to 2020 (in million hectoliters). Statista. Statista Inc.. Accessed: May 20, 2022. https://www.statista.com/statistics/791338/china-wine-imports-volume/
OIV. "Volume of Wine Imports to China from 2012 to 2020 (in Million Hectoliters)." Statista, Statista Inc., 20 Apr 2021, https://www.statista.com/statistics/791338/china-wine-imports-volume/
OIV, Volume of wine imports to China from 2012 to 2020 (in million hectoliters) Statista, https://www.statista.com/statistics/791338/china-wine-imports-volume/ (last visited May 20, 2022)