Drinking water: daily per capita consumption in Germany 1990-2018

Between 1990 and 2018, the daily per capita consumption of water in Germany has decreased from 147 to 127 liters. Data published by the German Association of Energy and Water Industries includes households as well as small enterprises.

Water consumption

In 2016, New Zealand and the United States were the two largest per capita consumers of water in the world. The former reported an annual water consumption of approximately 2,162 cubic meters per capita. Germany ranked on the other end of spectrum of water consumption with comparatively low per capita figures of around 312 cubic meters per annum.

Increasing demand

As of 2014, the agriculture sector accounted for approximately 83 percent of worldwide water consumption. By 2040, the combined agricultural and industrial demand is expected to reach 1,550 billion cubic meters. Of those 1,550 billion cubic meters about 1,405 billion will be accounted for by the agricultural sector. In order to prevent severe droughts in water-stressed areas today and in the future, a more efficient use of water is essential.

Development of the drinking water consumption per inhabitant and day in Germany from 1990 to 2018

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Release date

April 2019


Europe, Germany

Survey time period

1990 to 2018

Supplementary notes

* From 2012 onwards the data is based on the 2011 census; comparability with data from previous years is limited. ** Preliminary data.

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