Country of origin of asylum applicants in Germany 2020

Germany has long been involved with international asylum applications, especially in recent years. The largest number of applications came from Syrian asylum seekers, at 18,399 in 2020. This was followed by applications from Iraq and Afghanistan, with 5,356 and 4,288 first-time applications respectively.

Germany first choice

Statistics on the number of asylum applicants in Germany are recorded by the BAMF, or the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (Bundesamt für Migration und Flüchtlinge). Based on recent evaluations and research, Western Europe in general has so far shown the most support for refugees, even if the topic is by no means an easy one, fraught with tension, legal complications and surrounded by constant debate. Germany houses the most refugees compared to other European countries, followed by France and Italy. First-time asylum application numbers have fluctuated in the last year, though a year-on-year comparison between August 2018 and 2019 shows a drop.

Asylum decisions

Not all asylum applications in Germany get accepted, due to various circumstances. Besides rejection, decisions regarding asylum may involve granting a legal status as a refugee, a grant of subsidiary protection or determining a deportation ban. As of 2019, the largest share of asylum seekers in Germany were children aged younger than 4 years, followed by those in the 18 to 25 age group.

Number of asylum applicants in Germany in 2020, by country of origin*

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Release date

August 2020



Survey time period

Until July 2020

Supplementary notes

* Refers to first-time applicants.

BAMF = Bundesamt für Migration und Flüchtlinge, Federal Office for Migration and Refugees.

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Statistics on "Refugees and asylum in Germany"

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