Besides earthquakes, volcanic eruptions within the “Ring of Fire” coupled with coastal hazards such as typhoons, flooding, and rising sea levels constantly threaten the population with over 100 million inhabitants. The damages caused by the drought resulting from El Nino were the highest in 2016 compared to damages by other natural disasters. They were valued at 12.8 trillion Philippine pesos.
The fatalities caused by natural disasters in the Philippines, however, has been on the decline since having peaked in 2013 due to typhoon Haiyan. The death toll in 2016 was much lower, with 90 deaths due to natural disasters recorded. The government’s risk reduction expenditure in that year was also much lower compared to 2013,. Still, an upward trend did emerge in the years that followed.