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Risk index for natural disasters Philippines 2020 by type

According to the World Risk Report 2018, the Philippines ranked third in terms of disaster risk index. Due to its geographical context, the highest risks posed to the country are those of earthquakes reported with ten risk index points and tropical cyclones of 9.5 risk index points.

Disaster hazards

Besides earthquakes, volcanic eruptions within the “Ring of Fire” coupled with coastal hazards such as typhoons, flooding, and rising sea levels pose a constant threat to the population with over 100 million inhabitants as of 2015. The damages caused by the drought resulting from El Nino were the highest in 2016 compared to damages by other natural disasters, and were valued at 12.8 trillion Philippine pesos.


The fatalities caused by natural disasters in the Philippines, however, has been on the decline since having peaked in 2013 due to typhoon Haiyan. The death toll in 2016 was much lower with 90 deaths due to natural disasters recorded. The government’s risk reduction expenditure in that year was also much lower compared to 2013 but an upward trend did emerge in the years that followed.

Risk index of natural disasters in the Philippines for 2020, by type

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Release date

September 2019



Survey time period


Supplementary notes

According to the source, at all levels of the INFORM model, a lower value (closer to 0) always represents a lower risk and a higher value (closer to 10) always represents a higher risk. Results are rounded to one decimal place.

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Statistics on "Natural disasters in the Philippines "

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