Death rate by main cause of death in Poland 2018

In 2018, the most common cause of death in Poland was from the circulatory system's disease. The death rate due to this disease in Poland was 437 people per 100 thousand inhabitants.

Deaths in Poland

Between 1950 and 2019, the number of deaths in Poland gradually and systematically increased. Since 1950, the number of deaths increased by 121 thousand. In the last years, several percent more men than women have died, which may be related to life expectancy, which is now 7.9 years longer for women. In Poland, as well as in other developed countries, the number of deaths increases with age. However, there was a decrease in infant mortality by 85 percent in 2019 compared to 1980, indicating better medical care and progress in medicine.

Births in Poland

Since 1950, the number of live births has been gradually decreasing. In 2019 the rate was 20.9 per thousand inhabitants lower than in 1950. Nowadays, women are more consciously choosing to have children, have fewer children, and decide to have them at a later age. The largest percentage of women in Poland choose to have a child after 30 years of age. As a result of this and other events, it is estimated that by 2050, Poland's population will decrease by 4.1 million compared to 2020.

Mortality rate for selected causes of death in Poland in 2018

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Release date

July 2020



Survey time period


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