Artificial intelligence (AI) in a broader sense denotes a machine or computer which can replicate the competencies of the human brain, and therefore can learn, think, and make decisions or actions based on learned past experiences. The use of AI in healthcare can therefore be of use to analyze medical data, and act on this with the purpose of predicting an outcome. The application of AI in healthcare will become greater in future as the importance of this technology is realized. The technology has the potential to lead to more accurate diagnoses, better care, and less time spent by healthcare professionals on administrative tasks which in turn enables more time spent on interacting and treating patients.
The number one concern, according to a survey carried out in the United States, surrounding the increased usage of AI in healthcare was threats to security and privacy. Other ethical concerns included safety issues and the potential of the AI being taken over by malicious entities. In Europe, a survey found that patients would be most trustful of AI being used in combination with expert judgements rather than decisions made purely by AI. Although, in comparison to the concerns expressed by some potential patients, the majority of health executives believed that investment in AI will lead to both improved health outcomes and patient experience in hospitals and other healthcare settings.
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Research expert covering health & pharmaceuticals in the UK & Europe