In a recent survey conducted among Americans, 6.4 percent of females and 4.9 percent of males identified themselves as part of the LGBT community. Over recent decades, studies have shown that American society has grown more welcoming or accepting to members of this community, however discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity is still a serious concern in the United States. In 2001, 53 percent of respondents stated they believe gay or lesbian relations to be morally wrong, but in 2020 this number had fallen to 32 percent.
Political division in the U.S.
These shifting attitudes can be reflected in American politics. Since taking office, the Biden administration has prioritized the expansion of LGBT rights and protections, many of which had been rolled back during the preceding four years. In recent decades, the most significant steps forwards for the LGBT communities were taken under the Obama administration. Although originally opposing gay marriage, President Obama changed his stance to support same-sex marriage during his re-election campaign in 2012; while a majority of surveyed voters said this decision did not affect their opinion of him, almost half of Republican respondents stated their opinion of him had become less favorable. Today, 74 percent of young American adult support same-sex marriage.
Attitudes towards homosexuality vary by region or country, though global trends generally suggest that acceptance of homosexuality is increasing. In Kenya, only one percent of respondents in 2002 declared any acceptance of homosexuality, whereas this increased to 14 percent by 2019. Similarly, in South Korea, South Africa, and in the United States, the level of acceptance grew considerably between 2002 and 2019. Overall, acceptance of the LGBT community is highest in Western Europe, Canada, and Australia, where more than 80 percent of the public declaring that homosexuality should be accepted by society, with Sweden heading the ranking. Trends vary across Europe, however, with respondents in Eastern Europe being less tolerant of the LGBT community, particularly in Ukraine and Russia. Similarly, Nigeria, Tunisia, and Indonesia have incredibly low rates of LGBT acceptance. In spite of the progress made in recent years, homosexual activity remains criminalized in 71 countries, mostly in the Middle-East, Africa, and Asia. In 11 countries, the death penalty is imposed or at least a possibility for private, consensual same-sex sexual activity.
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In the following 5 chapters, you will quickly find the 25 most important statistics relating to "Homosexuality in the United States".