Air transportation in Canada comprises of local, regional, national and international airlines which transport passengers and cargo to destinations both domestically and around the world. In 2016/17 there were 613 air carriers with licenses in Canada. The Transport Canada Civil Aviation (TCCA) regulates and oversees the safety of the country’s air transportation system.
Some of the major domestic airlines in Canada include Air Canada, WestJet, Porter Airlines and Air Transat. In 2016, Air Canada, which had a 45 percent market share of the domestic sector, generated over 13 billion Canadian dollars in operating revenue from passenger flights alone. WestJet’s revenue passenger mile stood at approximately 23 billion for the fiscal year of 2016.
The total number of enplaned and deplaned air passengers in Canada amounted to just over 140 million in 2016 and the number of domestic passengers is projected to reach over 50 million by 2035. In 2016, the combined flight hours of Canadian airlines were a little over two million hours. Loaded and unloaded air cargo volume stood at 1.22 million metric tons in 2016. Average airfare for international flights in Canada for the fourth quarter of 2016 amounted to approximately 283 Canadian dollars.
Toronto Pearson International Airport is the leading airport in Canada by the number of passengers carried with over 40 million passengers handled in 2016. Other leading Canadian airports in terms of passenger and freight traffic include Vancouver, Montreal, Calgary and Edmonton International Airports. In 2017, Canada was ranked 12th in terms of quality as it relates to air transport infrastructure in air traffic.
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