Genetically Modified (GM) Crops in Canada - Statistics & Facts
Since the development of the first modified DNA molecule in 1972, genetically modified organisms (GMOs) have become widely used in many fields of scientific research and agriculture. Created with the aim of enhancing or introducing new traits to an organism, GMOs possess novel gene combinations which have been altered using genetic engineering techniques. GM crops for example, are often engineered to include traits of pest or disease resistance, herbicide resistance or reduced spoilage.
In Canada, GM crops are largely produced in Ontario and Quebec. Currently, there are four genetically modified crops available on the market, including canola, soybeans, grain corn and sugar beets, with several other varieties approved by the government. In 2016, approximately 7.7 million hectares of GM canola was seeded in Canada, accounting for a 95 percent share of all canola seeded that year. Since the introduction of GM crops to Canada 20 years ago, it has become one of the leading countries of genetically modified crops worldwide.
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