India is the second-largest producer of tea in the Asia Pacific region after China as of 2018, the largest consumer of the beverage, using nearly 30 percent of the world’s tea output. Despite this, the country exported the most tea globally after China and Kenya.
Commercial tea plantations in the country were first established by the British East India Company, which led to large-scale production of the traditionally brewed native tea variety of north-eastern Indians. When introduced, tea was a high-status drink. But the booming production and consumption over decades has made it economical for everyone to savor this delicious concoction today.
Indian tea that is a global favorite comes from Darjeeling in West Bengal, and Assam. Most tea varieties found in the country are named after the regions they are cultivated. Due to its geographical origin, Darjeeling tea became the first Indian product to receive a Geographical Indication tag in 2004-2005. Most of the top-selling tea brands procure tea leaves from specific tea estates to retain their quality and authenticity.
Tea drinking in India has evolved in many ways. While tea or “Chai” (in Hindi) is usually brewed from loose tea leaves, sugar, and milk, a variety of spices is added to make it more flavorful. Some regional favorites include masala chai, kadak chai, Bombay cutting-chai, Kashmiri kahwa, and Sulaimani chai (black tea). In the north, Kulhad chai is popular, named after the traditional, disposable, handle-less clay cup it is served in.
“Chaiwallahs” make and sell fresh tea all day, from their numerous road-side stalls throughout the country’s nooks and corners. These chai shops are a common ground for people belonging to all classes of society to enjoy a relaxing cup of hot steaming chai.
In recent years, the rise of urbanization and the café culture has led to a diverse growth in how Indians consume tea. For instance, bubble tea and green tea has become popular in cities. Unsurprisingly, tea was the most valued beverage in retail market and is expected to grow steadily.
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In the following 4 chapters, you will quickly find the 23 most important statistics relating to "Tea market in India".