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Health care in Poland - Statistics & Facts

Since 2010 annual health expenditure per capita in Poland has increased year-on-year, as in 2019, approximately 3,791 zloty was spent per person on health. The number of practicing physicians per 1,000 inhabitants was 2.38 in 2017, although the number of nurses has steadily increased since 2012. Additionally, the amount of hospital beds in Poland decreased, reaching approximately 234 thousand in 2019.

The infant mortality rate in Poland has decreased significantly since 2008. In 2019, the figure was 3.8 deaths per 1,000 births. The life expectancy in 2020 was 72.6 years for women and 80.7 years for men. There has been an increase to this figure since 1950 when it was approximately 62 years for women and 56 years for men. One in four adults is living with a chronic disease such as hypertension. However, the most prevalent cause of death in 2019 was circulatory diseases, responsible for 421 deaths per 100,000 people.

Although more than half of Poles visited their general practitioner in the last six months, there is little faith among the Polish population towards their health services. Only 38 percent of people surveyed would rate the quality of healthcare they have access to as good, while every third Pole claimed that the quality of treatment was worse than in 2014.

Nearly every second respondent in Poland has encountered telemedicine and indicated that they would use it in the future. During the coronavirus (COVID-19) epidemic, over 43 percent of Poles used telemedicine, such as telephone or online consultations.


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