Bioenergy industry in the UK - Statistics & Facts

Bioenergy is a form of renewable energy mainly derived from biomass and used to produce heat, electricity, transportation fuels and industrial products.

The generation of renewable bioenergy has been increasing significantly in the United Kingdom since 1990. In 2017, the UK produced nearly 32 thousand gigawatt hours of electricity derived from biomass sources. Similarly, the annual production of biofuels increased over the years, reaching 617 thousand tons of oil equivalent in 2017. Additionally, 7.1 thousand oil systems were replaced by a renewable biomass system under the Renewable Heat Incentive (RHI) that same year.

In 2016, electricity generated from plant biomass reached 18.8 thousand gigawatt hours, while animal biomass accounted for 650 gigawatt hours. In addition, 2.7 gigawatt hours of electricity were produced using biodegradable waste.

Also in 2016, energy consumption from biomass, biogas, and biodiesel had reached 1.3 million tons of oil equivalent, 852 thousand metric tons of oil equivalent, and 581 thousand metric tons of oil equivalent, respectively.

With regards to industry data, turnover of the biomass and waste industry reached four million British pounds in 2016. By comparison, the export value of the biomass and waste industry amounted to 80.5 million British pounds that year, while import value totaled one million British pounds.

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Bioenergy in the UK

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