Cuts to services in the 2010sLike many publicly-funded institutions in the United Kingdom, the emergency services have had to cope with years of budget cuts in the wake of austerity policies pursued by British governments since 2010. Between 2009/10 and 2013/14, for example, the Police Service expenditure for the UK fell from 19.3 billion to 16.35 billion British pounds. Fire services expenditure also declined during this period, experiencing a net decrease of around 30 million British pounds between 2009/10 and 2018/19. There have been spending increases in this area since 2018/19, however, police funding rising to 25.3 billion British pounds in 2022/23, and the fire-protection budget rising to 3.36 billion pounds in the same financial year.
With less funding available the Police and Fire Services inevitably had to reduce their staffing levels. In 2010, for example, there were over 143,000 police officers in England and Wales, compared with just over 123,000 nine years later in 2019. The number of fire and rescue workers in England decreased by approximately 10,000 people during the same time period. One of the likely factors behind a steep rise in crime in England and Wales recorded between 2013/14 and 2018/19 were underfunded police forces having to do more with less.