Bioenergy in Europe - Statistics & Facts

Bioenergy is a form of renewable energy mainly derived from biomass and used to produce heat and electricity, with biomass also used as transportation fuel and for the manufacturing of industrial products. Biomass material includes plant-based products such as wood or specifically grown crops, or animal-based products such as manure from livestock. Additionally, feedstocks may include waste matter, such as landfill gas, solid municipal waste and sewage sludge.

In the European Union, electricity generation from biomass has remained steady in recent years, with total contributions of 189.3 terawatt hours in 2018. It is the third greatest source of renewable energy, following wind power and hydraulic power.

Energy production from solid biomass notably increased over the past two decades and peaked in 2017 at 94.7 million metric tons of oil equivalent. Germany is the largest producer of biomass energy, with France the only other country with an output in excess of ten million metric tons of oil equivalent. In comparison, primary energy production from biogas climbed to 16.8 million tons of oil equivalent.
Much like biomass, biofuel generation has increased greatly in the EU. Since 2000, production has risen from 722 thousand metric tons of oil equivalent to nearly 16 million metric tons of oil equivalent in 2018. In the same year, consumption of biofuels for transport totaled 17 million metric tons of oil equivalent.

In terms of the socio-economic impact of the bioenergy sector, the biomass industry was employer to some 360,600 people in 2018. This was significantly more than the number of jobs generated in the biogas industry.

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Bioenergy in Europe

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