The share of biomass electricity generation in the European Union has remained at a steady level in recent years and amounted to 19 percent of all renewable electricity generation in 2017. In total, this was a contribution of approximately 158.5 terawatt-hours to the renewable electricity in the EU.
The energy production from solid biomass has increased significantly over the past two decades and peaked in 2017 at 94.8 million metric tons of oil equivalent. The country with the largest production of biomass energy was Germany, which produced 12 million metric tons of oil equivalent. Solid biomass consumption was also highest in Germany, at 12.4 million metric tons of oil equivalent.
Much like biomass, biofuel production has increased greatly in the EU. Since 2000, production has risen from 722 thousand metric tons of oil equivalent to 14 million metric tons of oil equivalent in 2017. In the same year, consumption of biofuels for transport totaled 15.5 million metric tons of oil equivalent.
The energy production from biogas increased to 16.8 million metric tons of oil equivalent in 2017. In comparison, the gross heat production from biogas amounted to 757.2 kilotons of oil equivalent.
In terms of the socio-economic impact of the bioenergy sector in the European Union, the number of employees the biomass industry employed in 2017 was 364,800. This was significantly more than the jobs generated in the biogas industry, which amounted to approximately 72,400.
Unsurprisingly, the turnover of the biomass industry was highest in Germany at 5.6 billion euros. In total, this sector recorded a turnover of approximately 34.6 billion euros in the European Union as a whole in 2017.