Australia's key agricultural productsCrop production in Australia is vital in providing food for its local population as well as for livestock feed. Australia supplies a wide variety of cereals, sugar, and fruit to the rest of the world. Crops include cereals, grains, and legumes among others. Wheat accounts for the greatest contribution to the production value of cereals but requires a large land area. The yield of wheat in Australia has fluctuated around two metric tons per hectare.
In terms of animal products, the beef industry is the most significant for Australia – it is one of the leading beef exporters in the world, a position that looks likely to remain as the country continues to export the majority of its red meat. Conversely, Australians are tending to consume less beef and veal than in previous years. Following global trends, consumer preferences have shifted towards fish and poultry products.
The dairy industry in Australia is heavily influenced by international markets, trends, and events, primarily because it is a deregulated, open market. Although most of the dairy products produced in Australia are consumed locally, Australia is a key exporter of dairy, particularly to China and Japan. Employment in this industry is extensive; thousands of Australians are employed directly through dairy farms or companies. Furthermore, the subsequent processing of dairy products provides even more employment opportunities.