Aviation is also a key element of the Polish transport infrastructure. The Polish cargo aviation market is developing dynamically. LOT Polish Airlines is the leader among air carriers operating in Poland, while Chopin Airport in Warsaw has been the leader in the number of "on board" cargo for years.
The Polish air passenger transport market has achieved one of the best results in Central and Eastern Europe. This result is due to both airports and carriers, including the dynamic growth in the number of passengers served by LOT Polish Airlines. LOT is the largest traditional carrier in CEE except Austrian Airlines. LOT also has the most modern and youngest long-distance fleet in the region. The development of LOT in Budapest and on the Estonian market creates an opportunity to take advantage of other markets, which are currently deprived of flag carriers. In Central and Eastern Europe, LOT offers regular flights to several dozen cities (including Warsaw). Therefore, a Polish carrier can become a leading airline operating in the entire CEE region.
In recent years, Polish airports have handled a record number of passengers. The market owes its good results mainly to the dynamic growth of low-cost, regular, and charter flights. The progressive development of air traffic was mostly due to the increase in regional airport traffic. The leaders of growth in terms of passenger volume were airports in Kraków, Gdańsk, Katowice, and Wrocław.
Due to the rapid growth of local demand for air transport, the lack of regional hubs, and increasing congestion at Western European airports, as well as the development of the Polish carrier LOT, Poland has the potential to join the group of countries with its large hub. The aim of the Solidarity Transport Hub (Centralny Port Komunikacyjny) project is to create a passenger transport system, which will become one of the largest in Europe. According to forecasts, Polish airports will handle more than 90 million passengers by 2035.