After reaching its peak in 2015, the transaction volume at the two stock exchanges (SSE and SZSE) in Mainland China kept shrinking. The issuing volume of IPOs of Chinese companies is presenting a slower growth than the number, indicating that there were more companies with smaller size going public over recent years.
China has one of the largest bond markets in the world. As China continues to release barriers to its bond market, there has been a significant growth of foreign investors’ participation over the past years. Financial bonds, government bonds and corporate debenture bonds are the most provided bond types in China’s bond market. The higher yields of Chinese government bonds become particularly attractive when central banks in many countries are cutting interest rates and negative-yield bonds continue to hit new highs.
There are 131 securities companies in China. In the first half of 2018, the biggest 10 securities companies in China had generated around 52 percent of total revenue of this industry. While the share of commissions in the revenue structure kept decreasing , the self-operation and investment of securities companies is becoming essential business for securities companies. Since the beginning of Mainland China’s IPO sponsor system in 2014, a company must be sponsored by a securities company in order to listed publicly in Mainland China. And sponsor representatives are among the jobs with the highest salaries in this industry.