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Energy sector in Belgium - Statistics & facts

The energy sector in Belgium is shaped by the policies of its national and regional governments, as well as the European Union. The monitoring of the electricity and natural gas market happens on three regional levels, the Brussels-capital region, the Flemish region, and the Walloon region. In line with the EU’s energy targets, Belgium has become largely reliant on nuclear energy and has increased the share of renewables in electricity production to nearly 20 percent. In March 2016, Belgium closed its last coal-fired power plant in Langerlo and became the seventh EU member state to successfully cut out the highly polluting fossil fuel from electricity generation.

Domestic production and trade

Belgium produces some 7.5 million metric tons worth of oil equivalent nuclear energy every year, making it the most produced fuel type in the country. Total primary energy production in Belgium fell to 11.86 million metric tons of oil equivalent in 2018, which forced the country to increase energy imports that same year. Satisfying the demand of its residents is highly contingent on energy imports. Import dependency ranged between 75 and 84 percent for most of the past decade.

The role of nuclear reactors

Despite domestic production only compensating for 15 to 25 percent of energy consumption, Belgium is one of the highest ranking countries for electricity supply quality. The World Economic Forum affords Belgium a score of 99.8 out of 100. Of EU member states, only Finland and Luxembourg ranked higher. Its relatively high grade is in part due to nuclear power being its most important source of electricity. Nuclear plants are baseload generators that run all day except for refueling periods and may be dispatched at much higher rates than other fuel types. Belgium has an installed nuclear capacity of 5.9 gigawatts.

Engie Electrable is Belgium’s leading electricity supplier across all regions. Electrable is the Belgian arm of French utility giant Engie.

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Energy in Belgium

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