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Global energy industry - statistics & facts

The global energy industry provides many of our basic needs, such as electricity for lights to see at night, heat that keeps our homes warm, or the fuel that powers our automobiles. Generally, the energy industry is involved in the production and sale of energy which can include manufacturing, refining, extraction, and distribution of energy sources. Energy infrastructure to maintain the operations of this industry is pervasive through most of the world as the sector strives to match the increasing demand for energy worldwide. As populations grow and low-income countries move towards urbanization and a higher quality of life, the demand for energy will grow, as is evident by the increase in electricity generation worldwide.

Industry structure and impact of renewable promotion

The energy industry includes various major sectors such as fossil fuels, electricity generation, nuclear power, renewable energy, and traditional energy (e.g. use of firewood for cooking and heating). As environmental awareness and sustainability become more prevalent, energy consumption from renewables is expected to increase relative to fossil fuel sources. The move away from polluting, but more cost-efficient energy sources such as coal is expected to result in an increase of the energy price index over the next decade. Roughly 300 billion U.S. dollars are spent on clean energy investments worldwide every year.

The energy market is government regulated in most countries, with the government having varying levels of control, for example, by managing which companies can enter the market or how much companies can charge. Depending on the size of the country’s energy industry and surcharges imposed to support renewable sources, household electricity prices may be as high as 0.38 U.S. dollars per kilowatt hour and as low as 0.03 U.S. dollars per kilowatt hour.

Oil and gas companies top ranking of largest energy companies

Energy companies are generally involved in primary energy production, refining, electricity generation, transmission and distribution, and retail, with many involved along various levels of the supply chain. Most of the largest energy companies by revenues generated are oil and gas giants, such as China Petroleum & Chemical Corp. (Sinopec). China is also the oil and gas industry's biggest employer, with a workforce of over an estimated 2.9 million people.

Key figures

The most important key figures provide you with a compact summary of the topic of "Global energy industry" and take you straight to the corresponding statistics.

Energy sources

Renewable energy

Electricity

Energy companies

Interesting statistics

In the following 7 chapters, you will quickly find the 33 most important statistics relating to "Global energy industry".

Energy industry worldwide

Dossier on the topic

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Global energy industry - statistics & facts

The global energy industry provides many of our basic needs, such as electricity for lights to see at night, heat that keeps our homes warm, or the fuel that powers our automobiles. Generally, the energy industry is involved in the production and sale of energy which can include manufacturing, refining, extraction, and distribution of energy sources. Energy infrastructure to maintain the operations of this industry is pervasive through most of the world as the sector strives to match the increasing demand for energy worldwide. As populations grow and low-income countries move towards urbanization and a higher quality of life, the demand for energy will grow, as is evident by the increase in electricity generation worldwide.

Industry structure and impact of renewable promotion

The energy industry includes various major sectors such as fossil fuels, electricity generation, nuclear power, renewable energy, and traditional energy (e.g. use of firewood for cooking and heating). As environmental awareness and sustainability become more prevalent, energy consumption from renewables is expected to increase relative to fossil fuel sources. The move away from polluting, but more cost-efficient energy sources such as coal is expected to result in an increase of the energy price index over the next decade. Roughly 300 billion U.S. dollars are spent on clean energy investments worldwide every year.

The energy market is government regulated in most countries, with the government having varying levels of control, for example, by managing which companies can enter the market or how much companies can charge. Depending on the size of the country’s energy industry and surcharges imposed to support renewable sources, household electricity prices may be as high as 0.38 U.S. dollars per kilowatt hour and as low as 0.03 U.S. dollars per kilowatt hour.

Oil and gas companies top ranking of largest energy companies

Energy companies are generally involved in primary energy production, refining, electricity generation, transmission and distribution, and retail, with many involved along various levels of the supply chain. Most of the largest energy companies by revenues generated are oil and gas giants, such as China Petroleum & Chemical Corp. (Sinopec). China is also the oil and gas industry's biggest employer, with a workforce of over an estimated 2.9 million people.

Interesting statistics

In the following 7 chapters, you will quickly find the 33 most important statistics relating to "Global energy industry".

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