U.S. cotton is mostly grown and harvested in the Southern states, also known as the "Cotton Belt". The federal state of Texas, the nation's top cotton-producing state, accounted for the majority of the country's total cotton production, followed by Georgia and Arkansas. More than 1.8 billion U.S. dollars' worth of cotton was produced in Texas in 2019. U.S. farmers typically receive an average price of 58.4 cents per pound that year, making it the lowest price since 2008.
Cottonseed, the most valuable by-product of cotton processing, had a production volume of about 5.4 million tons within the United States. The small, leftover cotton fibers attached to the seed are removed and used to make products like rayon, plastics, explosives, and lacquers. Cottonseed itself can be used as a protein source to feed cows, with just under one million tons of cottonseed meal being produced annually. Cottonseed oil can also be used in cooking; however, consumption rates in the U.S. have been steadily declining.
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