Fossil fuel industry in Europe - Statistics & Facts

As the threat of climate change poses a major challenge for the world, renewable energy’s role in the generation of electricity has been increasing globally. However, despite the increase in clean energy sources, fossil fuels still play a major role in Europe’s energy production. On average, around 40 percent of the European Union’s energy production was from fossil fuels such as natural gas, coal and oil.

The dirtiest of fossil fuels is coal, which is widely used on the continent. Although many countries are beginning to phase out this energy source, and production levels drop to historic lows, there are still numerous nations reliant on coal. Poland and Germany for example are the biggest producers of coal in Europe.

The most consumed fossil fuel for primary energy is oil, which is mainly used for fueling transportation such as cars and planes. The European Union’s biggest exporter of oil is Russia, with a share of almost 30 percent of total crude oil imports. This was followed by nearby Norway.

Both these nations are also major exporters of natural gas to the EU. Vast quantities of imports are distributed via pipelines, with Germany being an especially dependent nation for gas imports. One of the main exporters of natural gas to the EU is the Russian state-owned Gazprom.

Europe is home to some of the world’s biggest fossil fuel companies, such as British Petroleum in the United Kingdom and Royal Dutch-Shell in the Netherlands. These two companies are amongst the top 10 oil and natural gas companies in the world, with a combined revenue of almost 700 billion U.S. dollars in 2019, making them the largest European companies in the same year. In 2020, BP set an ambitious target to shrink the firm’s carbon footprint to net zero by 2050.

Interesting statistics

In the following 6 chapters, you will quickly find the 34 most important statistics relating to "Fossil fuel industry in Europe".

Fossil fuel industry in Europe

Dossier on the topic

All important statistics are prepared by our experts – available for direct download as PPT & PDF!
TOP SELLER

Important key figures

The most important key figures provide you with a compact summary of the topic of "Fossil fuel industry in Europe" and take you straight to the corresponding statistics.

Trade

Companies

Consumption

Production

Contact

Get in touch with us. We are happy to help.

Statista Locations
ContactEsther Shaulova
Esther Shaulova
Operations Manager– Contact (United States)

Mon - Fri, 9am - 6pm (EST)

ContactZiyan Zhang
Ziyan Zhang
Customer Relations– Contact (Asia)

Mon - Fri, 11:30am - 10pm (IST)

ContactLodovica Biagi
Lodovica Biagi
Director of Operations– Contact (Europe)

Mon - Fri, 9:30am - 5pm (GMT)

ContactCatalina Rodriguez
Catalina Rodriguez
Key Account Manager - LATAM– Contact (Latin America)

Mon - Fri, 9am - 6pm (EST)