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Transport industry in the United Kingdom - Statistics & Facts

An advanced transportation network is a necessary condition for an economic growth process because industrial production requires strong trade routes to facilitate the trade relations between multiple parties of impersonal exchange. Since the first industrial revolution, manufacturers in the UK paved the way for enhanced transport network for international trade. UK’s water, road, rail and air transport networks evolved as political systems co-evolved with the economic and social circumstances of the country. Between 2004 and 2018, investment in inland transport infrastructure in the UK increased progressively, reaching 22.4 billion euros in 2018, up from 10.4 billion euros in 2004. Over recent years, there is an increasing demand for travel and transportation. Thus, the country sustained high infrastructure spending to meet pressing needs through public and private investments. In 2018, the transport industry in the UK employed over 1.3 million people.

Related to industrial transportation, the country utilizes rail, road and air networks for inland transportation of goods. Firstly, the rail network in the country is the oldest in the world, both for freight and passenger transport. Until its privatization in 1995, the rail network experienced a huge slump under British Rail which inefficiently made use of resources and investments. Thus, road transport became the dominating mean in the UK. Even though the policy-makers hoped to revive the rail transportation in the UK through privatization, freight rail transportation experienced a declining trend since the 2000s, down to 17.2 billion tonne-kilometers transported in 2018. On the other hand, inland freight transport by road fluctuated around 155 billion tonne-kilometers and remained somewhat constant until 2018. Although rail and road transport experienced a non-increasing development, the volume of air cargo in the UK grew almost steadily over recent decades, transporting over 1.1 million metric tons of goods in 2018.

When it comes to passenger transport in the UK, bus, rail, road and air transport are the most widely used means to get from A to B. Since the beginning of 2000s, passenger road transport in the country increased by 30 billion passenger-kilometers, reaching over 788 billion passenger-kilometers in 2018. Besides, passenger travel by bus and coach declined during recent years, down to 35 billion passenger-kilometers in that same year. These recent changes and trends suggest increasing traveling tendency within the country and use of personal cars for travel purposes. People usually wish to travel by quickest and cheapest mode of transport. It is air travel that meets these criteria neatly, which is also the case in the UK. Passenger air transport expanded over the recent decades exponentially across the UK. Consequently, the aviation market expanded rapidly in size and capacity. This market-making process in the aviation sector enabled various airline companies to enter the market and provide differentiated services to fulfil the market-demand better. As of 2019, dominant UK based airlines include EasyJet, British Airways and Jet2.Com.

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Transport industry in the United Kingdom (UK)

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Transport industry in the United Kingdom - Statistics & Facts

An advanced transportation network is a necessary condition for an economic growth process because industrial production requires strong trade routes to facilitate the trade relations between multiple parties of impersonal exchange. Since the first industrial revolution, manufacturers in the UK paved the way for enhanced transport network for international trade. UK’s water, road, rail and air transport networks evolved as political systems co-evolved with the economic and social circumstances of the country. Between 2004 and 2018, investment in inland transport infrastructure in the UK increased progressively, reaching 22.4 billion euros in 2018, up from 10.4 billion euros in 2004. Over recent years, there is an increasing demand for travel and transportation. Thus, the country sustained high infrastructure spending to meet pressing needs through public and private investments. In 2018, the transport industry in the UK employed over 1.3 million people.

Related to industrial transportation, the country utilizes rail, road and air networks for inland transportation of goods. Firstly, the rail network in the country is the oldest in the world, both for freight and passenger transport. Until its privatization in 1995, the rail network experienced a huge slump under British Rail which inefficiently made use of resources and investments. Thus, road transport became the dominating mean in the UK. Even though the policy-makers hoped to revive the rail transportation in the UK through privatization, freight rail transportation experienced a declining trend since the 2000s, down to 17.2 billion tonne-kilometers transported in 2018. On the other hand, inland freight transport by road fluctuated around 155 billion tonne-kilometers and remained somewhat constant until 2018. Although rail and road transport experienced a non-increasing development, the volume of air cargo in the UK grew almost steadily over recent decades, transporting over 1.1 million metric tons of goods in 2018.

When it comes to passenger transport in the UK, bus, rail, road and air transport are the most widely used means to get from A to B. Since the beginning of 2000s, passenger road transport in the country increased by 30 billion passenger-kilometers, reaching over 788 billion passenger-kilometers in 2018. Besides, passenger travel by bus and coach declined during recent years, down to 35 billion passenger-kilometers in that same year. These recent changes and trends suggest increasing traveling tendency within the country and use of personal cars for travel purposes. People usually wish to travel by quickest and cheapest mode of transport. It is air travel that meets these criteria neatly, which is also the case in the UK. Passenger air transport expanded over the recent decades exponentially across the UK. Consequently, the aviation market expanded rapidly in size and capacity. This market-making process in the aviation sector enabled various airline companies to enter the market and provide differentiated services to fulfil the market-demand better. As of 2019, dominant UK based airlines include EasyJet, British Airways and Jet2.Com.

Interesting statistics

In the following 4 chapters, you will quickly find the {amountStatistics} most important statistics relating to "Transport industry in the United Kingdom".

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