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Renewable energy in Luxembourg - statistics & facts

Over the last decade, the capacity of renewable energy in Luxembourg increased. In 2019, this amounted to 356 megawatts. This was especially obvious in the consumption of energy from renewable sources in the country. In 2009, the share of renewable in consumed energy was under three percent, whereas by 2018, over nine percent of the energy consumed was derived from renewable sources. However, for Luxembourg to reach its renewable energy goal set by the European Union for 2020, namely 11 percent, the share of consumed energy derived from renewable sources should increase further. Still, the share of renewable energy in electricity generation also increased in Luxembourg.

The main renewable sources utilized in Luxembourg were hydropower, solar power, wind power, and to a lesser extent, biomass. In 2019, the installed hydropower capacity in Luxembourg equaled 1.3 thousand megawatts, while installed solar photovoltaic capacity amounted to 140 megawatts and the installed wind capacity to 136 megawatts. In terms of electricity production, in 2018, Luxembourg generated 0.25 terawatt-hours of electricity by wind power, 0.09 terawatt-hours of electricity by hydraulic power, and 0.09 terawatt-hours of electricity by solid biomass. In other words, Luxembourg had a high capacity for hydropower, yet produced most of its electricity by wind power. To a much lesser extent, Luxembourg also produced energy derived from other renewable sources such as biogas or renewable municipal waste.

Alongside Malta, Belgium, and the Netherlands, Luxembourg is one of the European countries with the lowest implementation of sustainable energy. Indeed, the share of renewable energy in the final energy consumption in Luxembourg was lower than the renewable consumption in Belgium, yet higher than renewable consumption in the Netherlands. Given that the country reaches the European-Union goal for 2020, only 12 percent of the energy consumption would be covered by renewable sources. Therefore, the penetration of renewables in Luxembourg remains very limited.

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Renewable energy in Luxembourg

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Renewable energy capacity

Electricity production

Employment and recycling rate


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