Biofuel production in the European Union has doubled since 2008, reaching 649.8 petajoules in 2019. As the largest car market on the continent, Germany is also the leading producer of biofuels in the EU, with an output of 143.4 petajoules that same year. It was followed by France and the Netherlands. Renewables and biofuels make up the majority of EU produced fuels, ahead of nuclear energy and natural gas.
An estimated 13.9 million metric tons of oil equivalent biodiesel are consumed in the EU each year. Unlike bioethanol and biogas for transportation consumption, which has stagnated in recent years, biodiesel has seen a more pronounced market growth. It accounts for over 80 percent of total biofuel usage. France's biodiesel consumption has climbed to 2.8 megatons of oil equivalent, making it the leading consumer of biofuels on the continent.
However, not all vehicle owners were as quick in welcoming biodiesel. Consumption of biodiesel in Portugal has declined since 2010. While in neighboring Spain, biodiesel use as transport fuel also fell by five percent in the same time period.