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Demographics of Tunisia - statistics & facts

The Tunisian population amounted to nearly 11.9 million as of 2020. The country was one of the least populous in North Africa, followed by Libya. With an increasing urbanization rate, most people lived in the governorates of Tunis, Sfax, and Nabeul, the leading areas by number of residents. Despite a slowdown in the annual population growth in 2019, the Tunisian population is expected to increase to around 12.4 million by 2025.

Controlled population growth

The population in Tunisia is experiencing a low but stable growth rate. The country was the first in Africa to introduce a family planning program in the 1960s, aiming at reducing the fertility rate, that is the number of births per woman. In recent years, annual live births continued to decline. Between 2014 and 2018, this figure fell from nearly 226 thousand to around 203 thousand. The program’s success boosted social development and increased life expectancy at birth, which reached 76.5 years in 2018. Moreover, many Tunisians emigrated abroad to work, especially to Europe and the Middle East, contributing to slowing down the population growth.

Aging population

The family planning program led to an increasingly aging population. In fact, the share of people aged 65 years and older is growing, while the percentage of young people remains below the average in North Africa. Nevertheless, the country still has a large youth population aged 0-24 years, which made up around a third of Tunisians in 2020. Young people in the country are particularly concerned with widespread unemployment, despite the average high levels of education.

Shrinking household size

Reflecting the controlled fertility rate, households in Tunisia had an average size of 3.78 members in 2021. Moreover, the marriage rate declined significantly in recent years, while divorces have become increasingly more frequent. In 2018, over 16.7 thousand divorces were performed in the country, compared to roughly 14.5 thousand in 2014. Some demographic trends such as the decreasing fertility rate and the rising number of divorces also reflect the level of emancipation among Tunisian women, which is higher than in other countries in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). In fact, in 2020, the female population in Tunisia was very close to achieving gender equality in the health and education sectors. Yet their economic and political participation was still limited.

Key figures

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Age structure

Life expectancy

Mortality

Households

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Demographics of Tunisia

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Demographics of Tunisia - statistics & facts

The Tunisian population amounted to nearly 11.9 million as of 2020. The country was one of the least populous in North Africa, followed by Libya. With an increasing urbanization rate, most people lived in the governorates of Tunis, Sfax, and Nabeul, the leading areas by number of residents. Despite a slowdown in the annual population growth in 2019, the Tunisian population is expected to increase to around 12.4 million by 2025.

Controlled population growth

The population in Tunisia is experiencing a low but stable growth rate. The country was the first in Africa to introduce a family planning program in the 1960s, aiming at reducing the fertility rate, that is the number of births per woman. In recent years, annual live births continued to decline. Between 2014 and 2018, this figure fell from nearly 226 thousand to around 203 thousand. The program’s success boosted social development and increased life expectancy at birth, which reached 76.5 years in 2018. Moreover, many Tunisians emigrated abroad to work, especially to Europe and the Middle East, contributing to slowing down the population growth.

Aging population

The family planning program led to an increasingly aging population. In fact, the share of people aged 65 years and older is growing, while the percentage of young people remains below the average in North Africa. Nevertheless, the country still has a large youth population aged 0-24 years, which made up around a third of Tunisians in 2020. Young people in the country are particularly concerned with widespread unemployment, despite the average high levels of education.

Shrinking household size

Reflecting the controlled fertility rate, households in Tunisia had an average size of 3.78 members in 2021. Moreover, the marriage rate declined significantly in recent years, while divorces have become increasingly more frequent. In 2018, over 16.7 thousand divorces were performed in the country, compared to roughly 14.5 thousand in 2014. Some demographic trends such as the decreasing fertility rate and the rising number of divorces also reflect the level of emancipation among Tunisian women, which is higher than in other countries in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). In fact, in 2020, the female population in Tunisia was very close to achieving gender equality in the health and education sectors. Yet their economic and political participation was still limited.

Interesting statistics

In the following 8 chapters, you will quickly find the {amountStatistics} most important statistics relating to "Demographics of Tunisia".

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