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Education in Morocco- statistics & facts

Formal education in Morocco mainly consists of primary, secondary, and post-secondary levels. Reforms, such as the 1999 National Education and Training Charter (CNEF), have been initiated by the Moroccan government in order to provide better educational governance and funding. Alongside government support for learning activities in the country, the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has impacted education too. This includes effects on student participation frequency in remote learning activities and lack of necessary equipment or a medium which would enable efficient distance learning.

Education policy

It is obligatory for children in Morocco between the ages of 6 and 15 to be enrolled in school for a period of nine years, and this has been the case since 2001. As there are no public educational institutions for children under the age of six, these are managed by private entities supervised by the country's Ministry of Education. Despite the controversy surrounding the languages of instruction in the country, Arabic and Amazigh remain the official languages, the latter constitutionalized in 2011.
As of 2019, a total of 16,064 children were out of primary school, while a school completion rate of more than 100 percent was registered for the same educational level in 2020. Nonetheless, continuous efforts are made by the government to ensure that educational reforms are initiated in order to enhance knowledge-based human capital development.

Educational staff and enrollment

In 2020, Morocco counted nearly 7,890 primary schools in the country. The number of teachers at this educational level was more than 166 thousand, while school-going children totaled over 4.53 million. Moreover, the country boasted of close to three million students enrolled in secondary schools in 2020, with 149,009 teachers. Additionally, there were over 1.17 million tertiary students, while the teaching staff at the tertiary level added up to 10,207 females and 26,704 males. Out of all tertiary student enrollments, 7.7 percent were in private institutions.

International student mobility

Outbound students from Morocco were estimated to be significantly higher in number than inbound students, achieving a negative foreign student mobility net flow of 32,090 in 2019. As of 2020, although foreign students in the country were mainly from West Africa, mostly from Mali, many other students have come from other parts of the world to study in Morocco over the years. In 2019, over 56 thousand Moroccan students studied abroad. Internationally mobile students from Morocco were mainly registered in North America and Western Europe, compared to other regions of the world.
Overall, by 2025, the per capita consumer spending on education at the national level is expected to amount to 33.83 U.S. dollars, while total consumer spending on education is estimated to reach approximately 1.3 billion U.S. dollars.


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