The population growth in Angola is accompanied by a fast expansion of the urbanization rate. More than 66 percent of Angolans dwell in urban areas, a rate that has been constantly increasing in the last decades. Around one third of the country’s population live in the Luanda province, where the namesake capital is located. Just in Angola’s capital, the population count surpasses 2.7 million inhabitants, ranking Luanda as one of the most populated cities in Africa. Rapid urbanization, however, has consequences such as the development of poor and informal settlements. For instance, almost half of the urban population of Angola live in slums, locally known as “musseques”.
4 in 10 Angolans are poor
Reducing poverty is a major challenge in Angola. The country’s poverty rate is 41 percent. That means that this share of the population had a level of consumption below the poverty line, calculated at roughly 12.2 thousand Kwanzas (approximately 22 U.S. dollars) per month. In rural areas, the poverty incidence jumps to 57 percent, against 30 percent in urban areas. Furthermore, over 60 percent of all income earned in Angola between 2018 and 2019 was concentrated among the richest 20 percent of the population. By contrast, the poorest 20 percent of the population obtained 2.3 percent of all earnings.
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