Egypt is the third most populous country in Africa and the most inhabited in the northernmost region of the continent. The country was projected to have over 102 million individuals living in it as of 2021. The capital city, Cairo, had a population of over 10 million people, while the Giza governorate, which is partly categorized as belonging to the Greater Cairo metropolitan area, and where the pyramids stand, was home to around 9.2 million people.
Fertile Nile river basin
The most northeastern country on the African continent has a total area of 1.01 million square kilometers, with the largest by far being El Wadi ElGidid, also known as New Valley, which encompasses the southwest of the country. Five of the governorates which are fully inhabited were located around the Nile, while only 6.2 percent of the total area of Cairo was populated. With only a small share of the capital city being lived in, a significantly higher population density can be observed at approximately 52.2 thousand individuals per square kilometer. Giza follows with around 7.7 thousand inhabitants per square kilometer. This prompted the government to start developing the so-called New Administrative Capital in 2015, as a smart new city further away from the capital.
An expansive population pyramid
The largest age group in the nation was between zero and four years old, adding to almost 12.6 million babies. The country had slightly more males than females, with the gap being smaller as the age groups grew older, until females actually surpass males at older ages. Since 2008, life expectancy increased, being higher for females. As of 2019, the leading cause of death in the country was cardiovascular diseases with a total of 266.35 deaths for every 100,000 deaths.
Household size and poverty
Dropping fertility and birth rates imply a smaller number of household members. Egypt's households are forecast to have an average size of 3.59 in 2021. In recent years, divorces boomed in comparison to a decade before. In 2019, 225.9 thousand divorces were registered, compared to 84 thousand in 2008. As of 2021, 30.6 million people were living below the Egyptian national poverty line, while poverty rates were on the rise and more prevalent in Upper Egypt.
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