Aging population of Italy - Statistics & Facts

Italy has the third oldest population in the world. As of 2020, 23 percent of the Italian population were aged 65 years and older, the same as Martinique, after Japan and Monaco. Japan has, in fact, the oldest population worldwide, where 29 percent of people were aged 65 years and older. The average age of the Italian population is 45.7 years and has constantly been increasing in recent years, with this projected to grow further in the coming decades. The oldest regions of the country are Liguria and Friuli-Venezia Giulia, both situated in the North, while the youngest regions are Campania, in the South, and Trentino-South Tyrol, in the North-East.

Long lifespan and few births

There are two main explanations for Italy's aging population; a high life expectancy and a low birth rate. The result is that people live longer, alongside a declining number of births. Indeed, Italy is among the countries with the highest life expectancy at birth worldwide. For females, it reached 85 years, while for males 81 years. In addition to this, it ranks among the countries with the lowest fertility rates in the world. However, there are some regional differences. The birth rate is highest in the Southern regions and on the Islands, while it is lowest in the Central and North-Western regions.

Economic consequences

There are various economic consequences to an aging population. Different studies have found that when the population and the labor force growth stop, the GDP growth of a country also slows down. In order to sustain an elderly population, governments often come under financial pressure from overextended health and pension, systems, while the labor force needs to pay more to support the vast elderly population. Consequently, an aging population results in an increasing old-age dependency. This indicator refers to the ratio between the number of people aged 65 and over (economically inactive) and the number of people aged between 15 and 64 (working population). In Italy, there are 36.2 elderly people for every 100 individuals of working age.

Interesting statistics

In the following 3 chapters, you will quickly find the 20 most important statistics relating to "Aging population of Italy".


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