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Africa-China relations - statistics & facts

Africa and China have been strengthening their economical and political exchanges in the last decades. China has become a major trade partner as well as a reliable lender. On top of that, the country became a leading source of foreign investment in Africa, with Chinese enterprises operating in the region. Additionally, the presence of Chinese immigrants in the continent has more than doubled since 2000.

Africa-China trade on the rise

Goods and services trade between Africa and China has grown substantially. In two decades, the value of Chinese exports to African countries jumped from five billion U.S. dollars to 110 billion U.S. dollars. Africa’s young population, encouraged by rising consumer markets in the continent, has been driving the export of Chinese goods. On the other hand, African exports to China also increased, though at a slower pace. In 2019, total export value to China reached nearly 80 billion U.S. dollars. The growing Chinese demand for raw materials has found a strong supplier in Africa, with exports valued at around 17.5 billion U.S. dollars in 2019.

Chinese investments in Africa

Besides being a major player regarding trade with Africa, China has increased its presence in the continent when it comes to investment. The Asian country is the largest foreign investor in Africa, a position first earned a few years ago. Since 2013, Chinese foreign direct investment (FDI) flow to the continent surpassed investments from the United States. Among industries, construction and mining were the major recipients of FDI, each receiving over 10 billion U.S. dollars in 2019, which aligns with strong Chinese participation in African infrastructure projects.

Financing Africa's infrastructure

Roads, railways, power generation plants – most of the ongoing infrastructure projects in Africa have been receiving Chinese capital. As of 2018, China was the source of 25 percent of infrastructure funding in the continent. This was the second highest share registered that year, just behind financial commitments from national governments. Despite the support of infrastructure development, Chinese lending has been raising discussions regarding a possible contribution to Sub-Saharan Africa's debt burden, which increased to 702 billion U.S. dollars in 2020. However, although being recognized as the region's main bilateral lender, China still accumulates a far lower stake in Africa's external debt, when compared to multilateral creditors.

Key figures

The most important key figures provide you with a compact summary of the topic of "Africa-China relations" and take you straight to the corresponding statistics.

Investment

Funding

Demographics

Interesting statistics

In the following 7 chapters, you will quickly find the 37 most important statistics relating to "Africa-China relations".

Africa-China relations

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Africa-China relations - statistics & facts

Africa and China have been strengthening their economical and political exchanges in the last decades. China has become a major trade partner as well as a reliable lender. On top of that, the country became a leading source of foreign investment in Africa, with Chinese enterprises operating in the region. Additionally, the presence of Chinese immigrants in the continent has more than doubled since 2000.

Africa-China trade on the rise

Goods and services trade between Africa and China has grown substantially. In two decades, the value of Chinese exports to African countries jumped from five billion U.S. dollars to 110 billion U.S. dollars. Africa’s young population, encouraged by rising consumer markets in the continent, has been driving the export of Chinese goods. On the other hand, African exports to China also increased, though at a slower pace. In 2019, total export value to China reached nearly 80 billion U.S. dollars. The growing Chinese demand for raw materials has found a strong supplier in Africa, with exports valued at around 17.5 billion U.S. dollars in 2019.

Chinese investments in Africa

Besides being a major player regarding trade with Africa, China has increased its presence in the continent when it comes to investment. The Asian country is the largest foreign investor in Africa, a position first earned a few years ago. Since 2013, Chinese foreign direct investment (FDI) flow to the continent surpassed investments from the United States. Among industries, construction and mining were the major recipients of FDI, each receiving over 10 billion U.S. dollars in 2019, which aligns with strong Chinese participation in African infrastructure projects.

Financing Africa's infrastructure

Roads, railways, power generation plants – most of the ongoing infrastructure projects in Africa have been receiving Chinese capital. As of 2018, China was the source of 25 percent of infrastructure funding in the continent. This was the second highest share registered that year, just behind financial commitments from national governments. Despite the support of infrastructure development, Chinese lending has been raising discussions regarding a possible contribution to Sub-Saharan Africa's debt burden, which increased to 702 billion U.S. dollars in 2020. However, although being recognized as the region's main bilateral lender, China still accumulates a far lower stake in Africa's external debt, when compared to multilateral creditors.

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