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Demographics of Australia - statistics & facts

Australia is, comparatively speaking, a sparsely populated country. It’s geographically a similar size to North America, yet the population is a fraction of the size; as of 2020, Australia’s population was over 25 million and North America's was 579 million. The population centers are located predominantly in the east and southeastern areas of the country, with New South Wales, Victoria, and Queensland being the states with the highest population.

 Australia’s population and migration

Across these three states, the population is relatively young. In Victoria, most are aged between 25 and 34, the largest share in Queensland are between 25 and 29, and it’s the same in New South Wales. In other states and territories, the population generally tends to be older.

When it comes to migration, thelargest number of the foreign-born population are from England; Australia has nearly one million residents from the UK. The next largest numbers are from neighboring New Zealand, as well as India and China.

 Births, marriages and divorce

The number of births in Australia has remained largely the same since 2011, with around 295 thousand babies being born annually. This figure only fluctuates slightly year on year. Thenumber of marriages by state mostly follows population figures; there are more marriages in New South Wales, Victoria, and Queensland than in the rest of Australia.

Divorces fluctuate above and below the 50-thousand-mark year on year, notably peaking at around 55 thousand in 2011. Most divorces occur between the ages of 40 and 49 for both men and women with the gap between male and female divorces increasing between 50 and 59.

Interesting statistics

In the following 4 chapters, you will quickly find the 22 most important statistics relating to "Demographics of Australia".


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