In 2020, cancer was the second-leading cause of death in Sweden, only causing fewer deaths than circulatory system diseases. In that year, there were over 24.8 thousand deaths due to cancer. Also known as malignant tumors or neoplasms, cancer is caused by the abnormal transformations and mutations of cells into tumors over time. The chances of a person developing cancer over the course of their life can be affected by genetic or environmental factors.
Incidence of cancer
The most common type of cancer among women in Sweden was breast cancer with almost 13 thousand cases in 2019. While the most common type among men was skin cancer (excluding malignant melanomas) with around 11.7 thousand cases. The highest number of new cases were diagnosed among those aged 65 years of age and above. Older age also increases the probability of being diagnosed with cancer due to cells being damaged over time. Therefore, the prevalence of cancer is projected to increase as many countries deal with an aging population.
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