Major countries in mine production of gold worldwide from 2010 to 2013 (in metric tons)

 2010201120122013*
China 345 362 403 420
Australia 261 258 250 255
United States 231 234 235 227
Russia 192 200 218 220
Peru 164 164 161 150
South Africa 189 181 160 145
Canada 91 97 104 120
Mexico 73 84 97 100
Uzbekistan 90 91 93 93
Ghana 82 80 87 85
Brazil 58 62 65 75
Papua New Guinea 68 66 53 62
Indonesia 120 96 59 60
Chile 38 45 50 55
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The statistic represents the world mine production of gold from 2010 to 2013, sorted by the major gold producing countries worldwide. In 2010, Russia produced some 192 metric tons of gold.


Mine production of gold worldwide

China, Australia, and the United States are some of the largest producers of gold in the world. Global production of gold reached 2,770 metric tons in 2013. However, the cost of production has also risen since the 2000s, from 263 U.S. dollars per ounce in 2001 to 981 U.S. dollars per ounce in 2013. Production in China has doubled since 2004 from 6.8 million ounces to an estimated 14.5 million ounces in 2014. However, large-scale gold production is minimal with only one mine exceeding 300,000 ounces of gold, the Zijinshan gold-copper mine in the Fujan Province. The production value of gold in the United States has increased from 4.9 billion U.S. dollars in 2006 to 11.8 billion U.S. dollars in 2011. Most gold mining is performed under large corporations around the world. However, there are smaller independent operations and in some cases, illegal mines have also been formed such as one in the Ashanti Region in Ghana where 18 people were killed in November 2009. One of the largest gold companies in the world, AngloGold Ashanti, is headquartered in Johannesburg, South Africa and was founded in 2004. It generated revenues of 5.7 billion U.S. dollars in 2013. It produced over 4 million ounces of gold in 2013, with over half of it being produced in Africa.

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