Price - Statistics & Facts
Price: statistics and facts
A price is defined as the amount of money that has to be given up in exchange for a certain quantity of goods or services. Prices have always been an important issue to consumers. In recent years however, since the rise of the internet, the importance of prices has changed significantly. While price information used to be limited geographically, consumers are now subject to almost complete price transparency. It is now common for consumers to go to a store, pick something out and then compare prices on their Smartphone before making a purchase.
On a national level, price changes are observed with the help of price indices. These indices are usually compiled based on a fixed bundle of goods and services and enable us to track price changes over time. The most important price indices in the United States are the Consumer Price Index (CPI) and the Producer Price Index (PPI). Both are regularly published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics and followed closely by the broad public.
The CPI is of particular interest because it is the prime measure of inflation in the U.S. and as such influences financial decisions on all levels. Although the PPI receives less attention, it is not necessarily less relevant to consumers. Afterall, changes in producer prices often ultimately cause a change in consumer prices as well. A prime example of this mechanism is the oil price. Subject to high volatility, the price of oil influences costs across all stages of the production process and consequently alters the price of consumer goods as well.
Perhaps the most closely observed price, next to oil, is the price of gold. Gold is not subject to inflation and other external influences and is hence a popular store of value in times of economic uncertainty. During the global financial crisis in 2008, many investors shifted their wealth to gold and, as a result, the gold price has soared to unknown heights.
- U.S. inflation rate 1990-2013U.S. inflation rate 1990-2013
Annual inflation rate in the United States from 1990 to 2013
- Consumer Price Index of all urban consumers 1992-2013Consumer Price Index of all urban consumers 1992-2013
Consumer Price Index (CPI) of all urban consumers in the United States from 1992 to 2013
- UK Brent crude oil price changes 1976-2014UK Brent crude oil price changes 1976-2014
UK Brent crude oil price changes from 1976 to 2014 (annual averages in U.S. dollars per barrel)
- Producer Price Index for commodities 1990-2013Producer Price Index for commodities 1990-2013
Producer Price Index (PPI) for commodities in the United States from 1990 to 2013
- Change in gold price from 1900 to 2013Change in gold price from 1900 to 2013
Annual average gold price from 1900 to 2013 (in U.S. dollars per troy ounce)
- Monthly inflation rate in Germany 2012-2013Monthly inflation rate in Germany 2012-2013
- Monthly Consumer Price Index of all urban consumers in the U.S. June 2014Monthly Consumer Price Index of all urban consumers in the U.S. June 2014
- Projected Consumer Price Index in the United States 2014-2019Projected Consumer Price Index in the United States 2014-2019
- Monthly percentage of change in the Consumer Price Index (CPI-U) in the U.S. 2014Monthly percentage of change in the Consumer Price Index (CPI-U) in the U.S. 2014
- Inflation rate (CPI) in the United Kingdom (UK) 2013/2014 monthlyInflation rate (CPI) in the United Kingdom (UK) 2013/2014 monthly
- United States - monthly inflation rate June 2014United States - monthly inflation rate June 2014
- Inflation rate forecast (CPI) in the United Kingdom (UK) Q1 2014 to Q4 2015Inflation rate forecast (CPI) in the United Kingdom (UK) Q1 2014 to Q4 2015
- Monthly inflation rate in industrial and emerging markets 2014Monthly inflation rate in industrial and emerging markets 2014
- Monthly inflation rate in China as of June 2014Monthly inflation rate in China as of June 2014
- Inflation rate in China 2014*Inflation rate in China 2014*
- Projected annual inflation rate in the United States 2014-2019Projected annual inflation rate in the United States 2014-2019