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Global fruit production in 2012, by variety (in million metric tons)*

 Production in million metric tons
Bananas 101.99
Apples 76.38
Grapes 67.07
Oranges 62.22
Mangoes** 42.14
Plantains 37.16
Tangerines*** 27.06
Pears 23.58
Pineapples 23.33
Peaches and nectarines 21.08
Lemons and limes 15.12
Papayas 12.41
Plums and sloes 10.7
Grapefruit**** 8.04
Dates 7.55
Strawberries 4.52
Persimmons 4.47
Avocados 4.36
Apricots 3.96
Cherries 2.26
Other 75.41
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This statistic shows the world fruit production in 2012 in million metric tons, broken down by variety. In that year, some 2.26 million metric tons of cherries were produced worldwide.


Fruit production

Fruit crops are a major part of agricultural production. Based on production quantities, the most popular fresh fruits worldwide in order are bananas, apples and grapes. Bananas and apples are grown on trees, and grapes are cultivated in wine yards.

For cultivation, the tropical banana plant requires a warm and humid climate and rich, dark and fertile soils. The most common banana types which are grown globally include Cavendish, Lady Fingers, and Plantains. The last variety is also known as cooking banana. Their characteristics include a drier texture and they tend to contain more starch. In many tropical countries Plantains are a staple food.

According to the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), countries with a significant production amount include China, the United States and Turkey. Rated among the most popular apple varieties in the United States are Gala, Red Delicious and Granny Smith.

Fruit and vegetables are seen as a strong part of a healthy and balanced diet. The Dietary Guidelines for Americans, which are created and published every five years by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), recommend increasing fruit and vegetable intake.

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