Medicare - Statistics & Facts
Statistics and facts about Medicare
Medicare is a federal social insurance program and was introduced in 1965. Its aim is to provide health insurance to older and disabled people. Around 16 percent of all people in the United States were covered by Medicare in 2012. Unlike Medicaid, Medicare is not bound to lower incomes or a certain state of poverty. There are, however, a significant number of people that meet the criteria to take part in both programs.
In 2013, around 52 million people were enrolled in the Medicare program. More than 43 million of them were beneficiaries for reasons of age, while approximately nine million were beneficiaries due to various disabilities. The U.S. states with the highest percentage of Medicare beneficiaries among their populations were West Virginia and Maine, where more than a fifth of the population was enrolled. With over five million beneficiaries, California was the state with the highest number of Medicare enrollees.
The United States spent some 550 billion U.S. dollars on the Medicare program in 2012. Since Medicare is divided into several parts, Medicare Part A and Part B were responsible by far for the largest share of spending. Hospital inpatient services – as included in Part A - were the service type which alone made up more than a quarter of total Medicare spending. In 2009, an average of 4,847 U.S. dollars was spent on hospital care per Medicare enrollee.
Medicare, however, has also significant income, which amounted to some 533 billion U.S. dollars in 2012. It is estimated that almost 80 percent of this income was generated by general revenue and payroll taxes. Other sources of income are beneficiary premiums, state payments, social security benefit taxations, and interests.
A look into Medicare’s future shows us that total spending is expected grow to more than one trillion U.S. dollars within the next decade. That would be 4.2 percent of the United States’ gross domestic product, compared to 3.6 percent today. By 2020, about 64 million people are expected to be enrolled in Medicare.
- Total Medicare spending 1970-2013Total Medicare spending 1970-2013
Total Medicare spending from 1970 to 2013 (in billion U.S. dollars)*
- Forecasted change in medicare enrollment 2000-2050Forecasted change in medicare enrollment 2000-2050
Projected change in Medicare enrollment from 2000 to 2050
- U.S. Medicare level of beneficiaries by type of beneficiary 1966-2013U.S. Medicare level of beneficiaries by type of beneficiary 1966-2013
Enrollment in the Medicare program from 1966 to 2013, by type of beneficiary (in millions)
- Distribution of older people in the U.S. population with Alzheimer’s 2050Distribution of older people in the U.S. population with Alzheimer’s 2050
- Distribution of U.S. care costs for older people with Alzheimer 2011-2013 by payerDistribution of U.S. care costs for older people with Alzheimer 2011-2013 by payer
- Older people with Alzheimer and dementias: U.S. aggregate care costs 2011-2013Older people with Alzheimer and dementias: U.S. aggregate care costs 2011-2013
- Alzheimer's amongst older people in 2050: impact of a 5-year delay in onsetAlzheimer's amongst older people in 2050: impact of a 5-year delay in onset
- Pojected numbers of older people with Alzheimer's in the U.S. 2000-2050Pojected numbers of older people with Alzheimer's in the U.S. 2000-2050
- Alzheimer'samongst older people in 2050: impact of a slowed progressionAlzheimer'samongst older people in 2050: impact of a slowed progression
- Vaccination coverage against influenza among older people 2011Vaccination coverage against influenza among older people 2011
- Percentage of U.S. people who need help with personal care from other persons 1997-2012Percentage of U.S. people who need help with personal care from other persons 1997-2012
- Percentage of U.S. older people who received influenza vaccination during past 12 months 1997-2012Percentage of U.S. older people who received influenza vaccination during past 12 months 1997-2012
- Proportion of older people in the U.S. with dementias by ethnicityProportion of older people in the U.S. with dementias by ethnicity
- U.S. Alzheimer death rates among older people 2000-2007U.S. Alzheimer death rates among older people 2000-2007