Statistics and Facts on Australia
With an area of approximately 7.7 million square kilometres, Australia is the sixth –largest country in the world
. In comparison to its size, the total population
of Australia is rather small in numbers, amounting to only 23 million inhabitants in 2013.
Australia’s biggest city
is Sydney, followed by Melbourne and Brisbane. Since almost 90 percent of the population live in cities, Australia is among the countries with the highest degree of urbanization
. Australia has a high standard of living: In 2012, it ranked second on the Human Development Index
, and its life expectancy
is one of the highest worldwide with 81.9 years.
Among the biggest economies worldwide
, Australia ranks 12th, with a gross domestic product (GDP)
of approximately 1.6 trillion U.S. dollars in 2013. Its GDP per capita
thus amounted to 69.582 U.S. dollars the same year. Australia’s rate of economic growth
amounted to 3.3 percent in 2012, with a forecast of 3 percent for 2013. That year, the unemployment rate
was at about 5.2 percent. Australia’s inflation rate
is estimated to increase from 2 percent in 2012 to 2.6 percent in 2013.
In 2011, Australia exported
goods worth about 270.5 billion U.S. dollars, and imported
goods worth approximately 244 billion U.S.dollars. Its most important trade partner for import and export is China.
Photo: istockphoto.com / hronos7