In-depth: eMobility 2019

Statista Mobility Market Outlook - Trend Report

In 2018 global electric vehicle sales crossed the two million threshold, almost doubling the sales from 2017, and many countries are pushing to increase the number of electric cars on their streets. Currently, China is leading the way with a market share of 56%, leaving the U.S. and European countries far behind.

Car manufacturers are pushing to bring out new electric car models and have big plans for the future. The 2018 race for the highest market share was won by Tesla’s Model 3 with 7%, followed by BAIC EC-Series and Nissan LEAF (both 4%).

What's included?

PDF report:
  • Global market size & forecasts
  • Market drivers
  • Challenges
  • Trends
  • Deep dive: battery technology
  • Deep dive: public transport
  • Deep dive: e-scooter
  • Deep dive: light commercial vehicles
  • Consumer insights
  • Expert opinion
  • Competitive landscape: BMW, BYD, General Motors, Nissan, Tesla
  • Country analysis: China, U.S., Norway, Japan, Germany, UK, France, Sweden, Canada, South Korea, Netherlands, Portugal, and India
  • Special: EV sales in the EU

Excel file:
  • Overview on electric vehicle models in 2019
  • Cars, trucks, cargo vehicles, buses, and more
  • Detailed list of electric vehicle models by country
  • Vehicle specifications, incl. company, model, type, charging & battery specifications, reach, max. speed, etc.

Global comparable car sales data and information on the Connected Car market can be found in the Statista Mobility Market Outlooks.

In the Statista Mobility Market Outlook - Trend Reports our analysts focus on hot topics and compile a comprehensive collection of data, insights, and key player analysis. An overview of all Outlook Reports can be found here.

Download a free sample of the report and excel file now!

ADL Alke Audi BAIC Foton BAIC Group Balqon BMW Bollore Group Boulder Bozankaya BYD BYD-ADL Carrosserie Hess Changan Chanje Chery DCGT Deutsche Post Daimler Ebusco Enova EVI Trucks Evopro Fiat Ford Geely GM-Chevrolet Green Power Motor Hawtai Heuliez Bus Hybricon Bus System Hyundai Irizar JAC Jaguar JMC Kia Kia Motors America, Inc Mahindra Melex Mercedes-Benz Mitsubishi New Flyer Nissan Optare Proterra Renault Smart Solaris Tesla Toyota Motor Corporation Van Hool VDL Bus & Coach VIA Volkswagen Volvo Volvo Bus Yutong Zenith Motors Zero Truck Zhongtong Zotye Model S Model X Model 3


This report offers insights into the eMobility market focusing on electric cars. The history of electric vehicles started in the early 1800 but it only took off when Tesla entered the market and reignited public interest in electric cars. In 2017 global electric vehicle sales crossed the one million threshold and many countries are pushing to increase the number of electric cars on their streets. Currently, China is leading the way with a market share of almost 50%, leaving the U.S. and European countries far behind. Car manufacturers are pushing to bring out new electric car models and have big plans for the future. The 2017 race for the highest market share was won by BJEV EC180/200 with 6%, followed by the Tesla Model S and the Toyota Prius Gen-2 (both 4%).

There are three major drivers for the electric vehicle market: government policies, the Tesla effect, and lower battery costs. Governments are trying to achieve their emission goals set in various global agreements and have devised various incentive schemes to further electric vehicle sales. While electric vehicle are one major step in furthering environmental goals, Tesla achieved to change their image to being high performance cars with an aesthetic appeal. From 2010 to 2016 battery packs have dropped by more than 80% making electric vehicles a lot more affordable than before.

Four main challenges hinder the adoption of electric vehicles: the lack of infrastructure such as charging stations, high up-front costs, lack of consumer knowledge and wrong perception, as well as the pressure of oil companies and the car manufacturer lobby. Not only are charging stations still very few and far, they are usually from different suppliers without a standardized charging and payment system. High upfront costs make electrical vehicles still less attractive than traditional internal combustion engine cars, mainly due to the high battery costs that take up 50% of the total vehicle cost. Consumers still do not know enough or have concerns regarding electric vehicles and oil companies and OEMs lobby against fast adoption of electric vehicles.

Autonomous driving and electric cars are irrevocably intertwined. Due to the easier integration and component control and other factors self driving cars are easier to realize with electric vehicle than with internal combustion engines. While the U.S. pioneers this trend, China will be the market leader. Despite the challenges, lithium-ion batteries are still expected to dominate the battery market for electric vehicles. This is mainly because the development of new battery technologies is very expensive and complicated. Due to their low operating costs, electric vehicles are also part of the ride sharing movement, with many car manufacturers launching electric carsharing operations.

Lithium-ion batteries dominate the market mainly because they deliver the highest range at a lower cost as compared to any other battery. However, owing to limitations such as long charge times, heavy weight, size and the amount of charge they can hold, companies such as Toyota, Volkswagen, Nissan and Tesla are now investing in solid-state, lithium-sulphur and zinc-air batteries to be used in their future models. Further, universities, technology companies and independent battery start-ups are collaborating to develop other types of batteries such as Aluminium-ion, smart-membranes and Graphene-based supercapacitors, in order to enable faster charging times and longer life cycles.

Rising pollution levels, potential operational cost savings and heavy dependence on public transportation are the three major factors driving the gradual switch from hydrocarbon based to electrified public transport. The total number of electric buses in the world is expected to witness a 300% increase from 386,000 in 2017 to about 1.2 million in 2025, with China accounting for a share of 99%. Financial support from the government, large urban population and the resultant pollution, lack of legacy transport infrastructure, global trade and increased public awareness are the five key reasons for Chinas dominance.

Consumer insights show that gasoline and diesel lead in terms of drives in the primarily used car in the U.S., the UK and Germany. While gasoline is still the most probable drive for a future car, hybrids and electric drives catch up. Electric drives seen as sustainable and environmentally friendly, but not sporty, whereas gasoline drives score in terms of suitability for day-to-day use and sportiness. In Germany, state subsidies for electric cars are seen as low and less environmental pollution seen as main benefit of an electric car. The most innovative brand in the field of alternative drives is Tesla, which is also the most associated brand with electromobility.

German eMobility experts see business conditions in Germany critically in an international comparison, although the promotions of the governments promotion have little/no influence on the sales of electric vehicles. Experts expect less diesel drives by 2020 in favor of hybrids and electric drives for new car registrations. The extension of charging points has highest influence on the market as 53% see the current infrastructure as very/rather bad. Tesla is seen as being the best-in-class for reach, ease of use and battery performance among OEMs and self driving cars are seen as a game changer for the mobility sector.

Tesla is the most recognized electrical vehicle brand in the world selling over 100,000 units of the Model S and Model X in 2017. Aesthetics and longer ranges as compared to other EVs, are the primary reasons for its success. However, production issues with the Model 3 have resulted in delays and liquidity problems. BYD is one of the largest selling brands in China with limited focus on international markets. The company has six electrical vehicle models in the market and sold a total of 105,000 electrical vehicle units in 2017. Other leading companies include BAIC, BMW, General Motors, and Nissan.

China, the U.S. and Norway were the three biggest markets for electrical vehicles in 2017, the new electric vehicle registrations having grown at 82%, 25% and 24% respectively. The dominance of these markets can be gauged from the fact that they accounted for 68% of all electrical vehicle sales globally in 2017. Portugal, Japan, South Korea, and Germany witnessed the largest increase in electrical vehicle sales in 2017 with growth rates of over 100% each. In terms of charging infrastructure, China again leads the pack with roughly 214,000 publicly accessible charging points, followed by the U.S. (ca. 47,000), the Netherlands (ca. 33,000) and Germany (ca. 25,000).

Since 2013 the number of plug-in electric vehicles has been steadily rising in the EU from 24,737 cars sold to 97,733 cars sold in 2017. The top 10 countries in 2017 where France, Germany, the UK, the Netherlands, Austria, Sweden, Spain, Belgium, Italy, and Portugal. Of those 10, the most see a sharp increase in 2017, due to releases of new PEV this year. Germany has seen the highest growth, more than doubling the sales from 11,449 to 24,912 from 2016 to 2017 and catching up to the market leader, France. While the number of the electric vehicles in 2017 increased considerably, plug-in electric vehicles still have a low market share. Netherlands leads with a 2.08% share, followed by Austria (1.54%), France (1.16%) and Sweden (1.13%).

  • Language: English
  • Released: February 2019
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