State civilian labor force in the U.S. 2018

This table ranks the 50 states of the United States by their civilian labor force in 2018. In 2018, California had the largest civilian labor force in the United States with about 19.39 million people.

State civilian labor force in the U.S. in 2018

StateCivilian labor force in thousands
California 19,398
Texas 13,848
Florida 10,235
New York 9,575
Illinois 6,470
Pennsylvania 6,424
Ohio 5,755
Georgia 5,108
North Carolina 4,982
Michigan 4,902
New Jersey 4,423
Virginia 4,331
Massachusetts 3,805
Washington 3,793
Arizona 3,440
Indiana 3,382
Tennessee 3,245
Maryland 3,197
Wisconsin 3,133
Colorado 3,096
Minnesota 3,070
Missouri 3,052
South Carolina 2,323
Alabama 2,199
Oregon 2,105
Louisiana 2,103
Kentucky 2,062
Connecticut 1,905
Oklahoma 1,842
Iowa 1,687
Utah 1,572
Nevada 1,500
Kansas 1,482
Arkansas 1,351
Mississippi 1,276
Nebraska 1,020
New Mexico 940
Idaho 857
West Virginia 783
New Hampshire 762
Maine 699
Hawaii 679
Rhode Island 556
Montana 528
Delaware 482
South Dakota 459
District of Columbia 405
North Dakota 404
Alaska 357
Vermont 346
Wyoming 290
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Release date

February 2019


United States

Survey time period


Age group

16 years and older

Supplementary notes

Data refer to place of residence.
The term "civilian labor force" is used by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) to describe the subset of Americans who have jobs or are seeking a job, are at least 16 years old, are not serving in the military and are not institutionalized. In other words, all Americans who are eligible to work in the everyday U.S. economy.

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