Most costly catastrophes to the insurance industry worldwide from 1970 to 2015 (in billion U.S. dollars)

The statistic presents the most costly insurance losses worldwide from 1970 to 2015. It was found that hurricane Katrina, hitting the United States and Gulf of Mexico in 2005, was the most expensive disaster since 1970, as it incurred insured losses amounting to approximately 79.66 billion U.S. dollars.

Insuring against natural disasters

Insuring is the practice of transferring risk from one entity to another in exchange for payment. It is important, especially if one lives, owns property or a business in an area prone to natural disasters, to take out coverage for a range of storms, catastrophic events and natural disasters that could cause damage to real estate.

When considering this type of insurance it is important to ask a lot of the important questions up front. How long will it take for a claim to be settled for example, not all insurers settle claims with the same speed. Many also provide specific exclusions, be they for floods, earthquakes or other types of natural events. A detailed inspection of exclusions in a policy is important in order to find out which coverage is still needed. Obviously, the extent of coverage that one should take out is wholly dependant on the area in which one lives, in the United States, as well as in the rest of the world, there are low risk areas and there are high risk areas.

Despite this, no one can be sure where a natural disaster will occur and the severity of the destruction it could bring with it when it does, no one can stop natural disasters or the economic impact that they have but insurance helps to mitigate the loss caused by them.

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 Loss in billion U.S. dollars
Hurricane Katrina, storm surge, damage to oil rigs US, Gulf of Mexico (2005) 79.66
Earthquake (Mw 9.0) triggers tsunami Japan (2011) 36.87
Hurricane Sandy, storm surge US, Caribbean, Canada (2012) 36.12
Hurricane Andrew, floods US, Bahamas (1992) 27.02
Terror attack on WTC, Pentagon, other buildings US (2001) 25.13
Northridge earthquake (Mw 6.7) US (1994) 24.46
Hurricane Ike, floods, damage to oil rigs US, Caribbean, Gulf of Mexico (2008) 22.34
Earthquake (Mw 6.1), aftershocks New Zealand (2011) 16.85
Hurricane Ivan; damage to oil rigs US, Caribbean, Venezuela (2004) 16.18
Heavy monsoon rains, extreme flooding Thailand (2011) 15.8
Hurricane Wilma, torrential rains, flooding US, Mexico, Caribbean (2005) 15.25
Hurricane Rita, floods, damage to oil rigs US, Gulf of Mexico (2005) 12.25
Drought in the Corn Belt US (2012) 11.35
Hurricane Charley US, Caribbean, Gulf of Mexico (2004) 10.1
Typhoon Mireille/No. 19 Japan (1991) 9.82
Hurricane Hugo US, Caribbean (1989) 8.74
Earthquake (Mw 8.8) triggers tsunami Chile, the South Pacific ocean (2010) 8.69
Winter storm Daria France, UK, Belgium, NL et. al. (1990) 8.47
Winter storm Lothar Switzerland, UK, France, et. al. (1999) 8.25
Major tornado outbreak; 349 tornadoes, hail US (2011) 7.69
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