The DACH region refers to the Central European area of Germany (D), Austria (A), and Switzerland (CH). In 2021, these countries had a combined population of 100.9 million people. Germany is, by far, the largest of the three countries, with a population of more than 83 million; almost ten times larger than those of Austria or Switzerland.
However, population growth across the region has been relatively slow during the past two decades, with Germany's population growing by fewer than two million since 2000, which is an increase of just two percent. In contrast, Austria's population has grown by roughly 12 percent, while Switzerland's has increased by over 20 percent, but the overall change in the DACH region's population is less than five percent due to the disproportionate amount of people in Germany.
The reason for low population growth is due to the historically low birth rates in Germany. Since 1972, Germany's death rate has consistently exceeded its birth rate, giving an overall natural decline. Austria and Switzerland have also experienced similar trends in some years, but generally see a natural increase. Because of this, population growth is often dependent on migration. The most significant rise in the DACH area's population came in around 2015, during the Syrian migrant crisis. In Europe, Germany took in the largest number of Syrian refugees during this period, while Austria had one of the highest acceptance rates in proportion to its population. This is in addition to the relatively high number of refugees Germany and Austria accept from other countries, especially Afghanistan. Not all migrants are refugees, however, as the high living standards in all three countries attract large numbers of economic migrants from the rest of the world, especially Southern and Eastern Europe.
Total population of the DACH countries from 2000 to 2026
(in million inhabitants)
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IMF. (October 12, 2021). Total population of the DACH countries from 2000 to 2026 (in million inhabitants) [Graph]. In Statista. Retrieved May 19, 2022, from https://www.statista.com/statistics/804551/total-population-of-the-dach-countries/
IMF. "Total population of the DACH countries from 2000 to 2026 (in million inhabitants)." Chart. October 12, 2021. Statista. Accessed May 19, 2022. https://www.statista.com/statistics/804551/total-population-of-the-dach-countries/
IMF. (2021). Total population of the DACH countries from 2000 to 2026 (in million inhabitants). Statista. Statista Inc.. Accessed: May 19, 2022. https://www.statista.com/statistics/804551/total-population-of-the-dach-countries/
IMF. "Total Population of The Dach Countries from 2000 to 2026 (in Million Inhabitants)." Statista, Statista Inc., 12 Oct 2021, https://www.statista.com/statistics/804551/total-population-of-the-dach-countries/
IMF, Total population of the DACH countries from 2000 to 2026 (in million inhabitants) Statista, https://www.statista.com/statistics/804551/total-population-of-the-dach-countries/ (last visited May 19, 2022)