Rainfall volume Australia 2008-2019
Australia’s water shortages
Australia relies primarily on surface water sources, which makes its water supply particularly vulnerable to drought. Surface water is used for both municipal water supply as well as for agriculture production. The Murray Darling basin alone supports around 40 percent of the country’s agricultural production. Within the country, lakes and rivers have begun to dry up, leaving many uncertain about water security in the future.
Coinciding with one of the worst droughts in its history, Australia experienced a devastating bushfire season starting in late 2019. While the fires were contained in mid-February, the economic and environmental impacts were disastrous. The correlation between drought and the intensity of the most recent bushfire season has sparked fierce debate over how the bushfire season will be managed in the future.