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Global climate change - statistics & facts

In 2020, the earth’s surface temperature was around 0.98 Celsius degrees warmer than the 20th-century average. In the last few years, global temperatures have been consistently among the hottest on record.
The global anomaly in surface temperature might cause an increase in sea level, a decrease in arctic ice, and a growing number of weather-related catastrophes, including storms, floods, and droughts. The economic loss due to the 2012 drought in the United States reached around 20 billion U.S. dollars, making it the country’s most costly drought in history.

Global action for climate change

Every year, the United Nations' Framework Conference on Climate Change (UNFCC) hosts the Conference of the Parties (COP). The objective of the annual conference is to tackle climate change, stabilize greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere, and reach a post-Kyoto Protocol agreement. The Kyoto Protocol was initially adopted in 1997 to extend the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). In December 2019, COP25 was held in Madrid, Spain, where talks could not reach a consensus on many issues and instead deferred into 2020, including reporting requirements for transparency and timeframes for climate pledges.

How is climate change being tackled?

Global energy-related CO2 emissions stood at around 36.44 billion metric tons in 2019, a significant increase from the pre-Industrial era. However, projections for 2020 show a noticeable reduction in emissions due to the impacts of COVID-19.
Asia Pacific region was the largest producer of CO2 emissions in 2019. In order to reduce the production of carbon dioxide, several countries have started issuing tradable green certificates. Carbon pricing is considered one of the most effective methods to encourage corporations to lower emissions and to encourage more sustainable production. In addition, the increase in energy generation from renewable energy sources is seen as another way to cut down on carbon dioxide emissions.


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