Global Climate Change - Statistics & Facts

In 2019, the earth’s surface temperature was around 0.95 Celsius degrees warmer than the 20th century average. In the last few years, global temperatures have been consistently among the hottest on record. The global anomaly in surface temperature might be the cause of an increase in sea level, a decrease in arctic ice and the growing number of weather-related catastrophes, including storms, floods and droughts. The economic loss due to the 2012 drought in the United States reached around 20 billion U.S. dollars, making it the country’s most costly drought in history.

Every year, the United Nations' Framework Conference on Climate Change (UNFCC) hosts the Conference of the Parties (COP). The objective of the annual conference is to tackle climate change, stabilize greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere, and to reach a post-Kyoto Protocol agreement. The Kyoto Protocol was initially adopted in 1997 as an extension to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). In December 2019, COP25 was held in Madrid, Spain, where talks were unable to reach a consensus on many issues and instead deferred into 2020, including reporting requirements for transparency and timeframes for climate pledges.

Global energy-related CO2 emissions stood at around 36.57 billion metric tons in 2018, a significant increase from the pre-Industrial era. In 2018, China was the largest producer of CO2 emissions. In order to reduce the production of carbon dioxide, several countries have started issuing tradable green certificates. Carbon pricing is considered one of the most effective methods to encourage corporations to lower emissions and to encourage more sustainable production. The increase in energy generation from renewable energy sources is seen as another way to cut down on carbon dioxide emissions.

Interesting statistics

In the following 5 chapters, you will quickly find the 26 most important statistics relating to "Global climate change".

Global climate change

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Important key figures

The most important key figures provide you with a compact summary of the topic of "Global climate change" and take you straight to the corresponding statistics.

Greenhouse gases

Weather-related changes

Tackling climate change

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