Water use in the UK - Statistics & Facts

Published by Ian Tiseo, Jan 18, 2019
Fresh water, arguably the most important commodity in guaranteeing our continued existence and an essential part of our daily hygiene. In the United Kingdom, public sector expenditure on water supply had increased in the past three years. In 2017/18, spending peaked at 785 million British pounds. With the annual average consumer price index for water supply echoing that development, measuring at 101.5 in 2017. By comparison, the consumer price index for housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels reached 103.7, having steadily increased in the past years.

In terms of water use in households, a household of one person had used an average of 149 liters per day, whereas a household of five tended to use an average of 523 liters per day. Regarding the average water consumption of household appliances, as of 2018 figures were highest for baths, with an average consumption of 80 liters per use. A flush of the toilet used up an average of 7.5 liters. As for the annual hydroelectric consumption, figures had reached 1.3 million metric tons of oil equivalent in 2017.

The number of employees in the water supply, sewage, waste management and remediation activities industry has increased since 2008 and reached 166,129 people in 2015. In 2017, 5 enterprises in the water transport sector had employed more than 250 people, while 20 enterprises in the water collection, treatment and supply sector had recorded similarly high employee numbers.

The water collection, treatment, and supply services sector has generated an increasing amount of emissions in the United Kingdom from 1990 to 2016. For instance, greenhouse gas emissions had increased to 821.9 thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent in 2016, compared with 770.4 thousand metric tons the previous year. Similarly, carbon dioxide emissions by the industry had increased again in the past three years, amounting to 812.1 thousand metric tons in 2016, while PM10 emissions reached 200 metric tons.

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Water use in the United Kingdom (UK)

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Household and industry water use and consumption



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