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Silicon - Statistics & Facts

Silicon is the second most common element in the Earth’s crust, although it is hard to find it in nature as a pure element. China is by far the world’s largest producer of silicon, including silicon content for ferrosilicon and silicon metal. Around 4.5 million metric tons of silicon was produced in China in 2019, which accounted for about two-thirds of the global silicon production of seven million metric tons that year. Other major producers are Russia, Norway, and the United States.

The United States produced some 320,000 metric tons of silicon in 2019. Exports stood at some 10,000 metric tons of ferrosilicon and 40,000 metric tons of silicon metal. On the other hand, the U.S. imported some 140,000 metric tons of ferrosilicon and 130,000 metric tons of silicon metal. Russia is the leading exporter of silicon to the United States, accounting for 20 percent of total U.S. silicon imports between 2015 and 2018.

The consumption of silicon in the United States was 560,000 metric tons in 2019. Silicon is used in the production of steel, cast irons, superalloys, other alloys, and other unspecified categories. Interestingly, silicon is also the basis for omnipresent silicones - silicon-based polymers. As polysilicon—a particularly pure form of silicon—silicon is vital for the photovoltaic industry. Another important use of silicon is the use of highly refined silicon in electronics, often as semiconductors for discrete devices and integrated circuits.

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Silicon

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U.S. Trade

Consumption and Price

Selected Companies

Polysilicon

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