Physical and verbal racial violence increased over the last decade in most European countries. In Italy, for example, 25 cases of racial physical violence were registered in 2014 plus a total of 916 cases of racial verbal violence. In 2014/15, the number of racist offences registered in Northern Ireland peaked at a total of 310 offences including violence but not injury. Race is the most common motivation of hate crimes: between 2015 and 2016 around 13.4 thousand racially motivated hate crimes were recorded in London. In 2015, 68 episodes of physical assault were related to hate crime in Italy.
Episodes of hate speech are on the rise. In Italy, a daily average of 0.48 episodes per day of hate speech against Roma and Sinti were registered in 2016, while 55 percent of French males were exposed to racist statements online in 2015. As a matter of fact, most French people believe that posting content on the internet anonymously encourages hate speech. Five percent of Swedish Internet users stated that they often accidentally encountered material which promotes racial hatred online, while only three percent of Finnish users often experienced such situations.