Who’s Attending the Annual People’s Congress in China?
This instance underlines why the NPC (as well as the CPPCC) is viewed as a ceremonial gathering rather than a real functioning governmental body. Laws are more often passed by the NPC’s Standing Committee (175 members) during other times in the year. The Standing Committee consists of a Communist Party supermajority just like the NPC as a whole.
The CPPCC, which draws its members from a variety of organizations and social groups, also has an estimated share of two-thirds Communist Party members. Different occupations (including literature and arts) as well as ethnic minorities and delegates from Hong Kong and Macau are present, if in small numbers. Delegates identifying with Taiwan are even fewer. They are part of the organization Federation of Taiwan Compatriots (15 participants) in the CPPCC and in the Taiwan Democratic Self-Government League party (11 participants) in the NPC. That’s 26 out of more than 5,000 people.
While the political power of the massive convention is rather small, it is often used for symbolic gestures and big announcements that gather attention. In the previous year, the NPC passed an amendment to the Constitution that removed presidential term limits.
This chart shows fractions participating in the Beijing "Two Sessions" meeting in March 2019, from the 13th National People's Congress and the 13th Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference.